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Industry 4.0: Moving forward in the exploration Data as a new production factor

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Discussions on “Industry 4.0” have been disturbed. Even if the concept of being full of various kinds of strangers is still highly sought after by all parties, it seems that as long as the increase in investment in the industrial revolution will be a matter of course. In the face of the pressure of economic slowdown, the paralysis of the fourth industrial revolution dominated by smart manufacturing seems to allow some people to temporarily forget the current difficulties.

“Industrial intelligence is indeed the direction of development recognized by major countries in the world. However, outside of speculation, people need to understand that industrial production upgrading is a gradual process. It is not an overnight process and it cannot achieve the same leap-forward development as certain areas of the Internet. This kind of change requires more patient exploration and hard work,” Huang Yanghua, an associate researcher at the Institute of Industrial Economics at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, told a 21st Century Business Herald reporter during an exclusive interview.

Germany also proposed the "Industry 4.0" plan for only a few years. Both the enterprise and the government are still in the process of groping forward. Even if it already represents the highest level of global industrialization, it is expected that the "Industry 4.0" design goal will not be realized until after 2030. “The level of industrialization in China is not uniform. Many domestic companies are calling for 'Industry 4.0', but in fact they do not have such conditions, and even the 3.0 level of information technology has not been done, let alone intelligent.” He said.

Prior to this, a report released by the China Center for Modernization Research of the Chinese Academy of Sciences stated that "China's industry is 100 years behind Germany." However, in view of some German media, this is probably an intentional underestimation. The report cites research data saying that China’s sensor, enterprise software and robotics markets have almost doubled in the past five years, but with the increasing use of robots in the electronics, textile and food industries, this strong development The momentum will continue in the next five years.

Huang pointed out that although robots are one of the key intelligent devices developed in developed countries, it should be noted that the rapid growth of industrial robots in China is still mostly the first generation of industrial robots that replace simple and redundant labor, and the core components. Relying heavily on imports, it is far from the intelligence of the “Industry 4.0” requirement.

“On the other hand, unilateral emphasis on the development of 'hardware' and ignoring the 'software' level of intelligence is a more common misconception,” he added.

"The use of data as a new type of production factor" is the soul of Huang's "Industry 4.0". The use of Internet of Things technology to connect industrial production equipment, components, raw materials, products and other links, which gather data, interactive analysis and intelligent decision-making is the key to the intelligent optimization of manufacturing systems.

The rise of the influence of the new economic field in China represented by the Internet industry is obvious to all. However, he believes that a prominent problem is that this industrial advantage of the Internet is not well integrated with the industrial economy. He said that during the survey, some small and medium-sized manufacturers exhibited a strong interest in and desire for smart devices. "But they asked how these technologies should be used in my factory."

Even if Germany proposes that “Industry 4.0” is to promote domestic SMEs to keep up with the rapid development of the world as well as large companies, the fact that they currently participate in the “Industry 4.0” practice in Germany is still a large enterprise like Siemens. And major institutions. Huang said that on the one hand, large companies are able to afford failures because they have strong management organizational capabilities when dealing with major changes. Another important reason is the lack of standards.

He explained that “from a historical point of view, the main driver of industrial upgrading is large enterprises, and a large amount of R&D in the second industrial revolution was completed within large enterprises, and Germany is the same.”

"On the other hand, standardization is a very important step if we want to promote the participation of small businesses and the entire society. The government has an important coordination function among them. This is one of the key contents of Sino-German cooperation," Huang added. . "German, China, and the U.S. government have all devoted considerable energy to doing standard work, because this needs not only to be unified within a country, but also involves the cooperation between countries on the standardization and harmonization of information and data interfaces."

He explained that there are generally two routes to the establishment of the current worldwide standards. As in the United States, from the bottom up, industry standards are formed through market competition. Or similar to China's situation from top to bottom, set by the industry associations, government agencies and other standards.

The cooperation around the "Industry 4.0" has been consistent with the way the two countries set standards in the past. At the same time, they are also faced with many problems of localization. Now all aspects are still at a preliminary stage of exploration and have not been found in the exploration. Best practices, or consensus.

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